All Undergraduate Courses


Course No.

Course Name


HIST 117

History of England to 1603 Survey of English history from pre-history to 1603, with emphasis on legal and constitutional history.

HIST 118

History of England from 1603 to the Present

Survey of England history from 1603 to present, with emphasis on political and social history.

HIST 120

Topics in History

Introduction to college-level study of history through discussion of specific events or topics chosen by the instructor. Topics will vary each semester.

HIST 202

History of Modern Sexualities

Cross cultural history of the relationship of modern sexualities and the rise of capitalism, secularism, urbanization, imperialism, sexology, and sexual identity politics from the eighteenth century to the present.

HIST 203

The Ancient Mediterranean: Power and Identity

This course will focus on the ancient Mediterranean from 800 BCE to the XXX of the Roman Empire in the third century CE, emphasizing concepts of power and identity as demonstrated in politics, gender ideals, material culture and religious practice.

HIST 204

Ancient History: Greek History

A political, social and cultural history of Greek civilization from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander the Great.

HIST 205

Ancient History: Roman History

This course offers a survey of Roman History from the prehistoric settlements in the area of the Seven Hills to the deterioration of the western Empire in the fifth century C.E. Special topics of interest include the material culture of the Roman world; the use of images in the pursuit of political agendas; classical notions of the divine; and concepts of gender, power, and identity. Popular representations of ancient Rome, specifically in film, will provide another area of consideration for comparison throughout the semester.
HIST 207 Games and Play in Medieval and Early Modern Europe
Games provide entertainment and recreation, but they also reflect, influence, and supply metaphors for many other aspects of life.  We will explore the importance of games in shaping medieval and early modern societies by focusing on four games that have come to symbolize the era - chess, jousting, hunting, and dice games.  Through our examination of these and other games, we will explore the social, political, religious, economic, legal, military, and intellectual history of medieval and early modern Europe.

HIST 208

History of Africa
This course is an introduction to the history of an enormous continent, Africa. Because of the size of the geography, population and time covered, one of the main purposes of this course is to pave the way to the upper division regional and thematic classes. We will move our way through African history both temporally and thematically. Lectures will introduce key themes and ideas and in section you will discuss historical evidence for African communities, cultures and ideas. This course is suitable to those who know nothing of Africa, and to those who are considering taking an upper division lecture classes or seminar in African history or Africana Studies.


Europe from Revolution to Post-Communism
European political, economic, social & cultural change from the French Revolution to the present.  Industrialization, revolutions, nation-building, empire-building, world wars, gender and class relations.

HIST 231

Music and Ethnic America, 1900-Present This history course focuses on musical expressions created in the United States since 1900. We will emphasize how musical performances and the consumption of popular music can reveal notions of race, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality that have circulated in the twentieth and twenty-first century United States.

HIST 236

Indians in U S History

History of Indians in U.S. development from 1500 to the present with emphasis on relations between competing Indian groups and between Indians and whites.

HIST 245

Frontier America

Survey of the patterns of frontier expansion and settlement in the eastern and mid-western United States

HIST 246 History of American Capitalism
This course provides a long-term historical perspective on the origins and development of American capitalism, combining three interrelated thematic fields in U.S. history: economic history, business history, and labor history.

HIST 247

Nature and Technology in U.S. History
This course explores the development of technology and concepts of nature in the United States, from the eighteenth century to the present. It interprets the historical roots of the relationship between human knowledge and the environment by examining how science and technology have shaped our understanding, use, and control of nature.

HIST 253

History of Women in the United States: Colonial America to 1890

Changing role of women in American society from colonial times to 1890.

HIST 254

History of Women in the United States: 1890 to Present

Changing role of women in American society from 1890 to the present

HIST 255 Life in Early Modern Europe
An introduction to the early modern period between c. 1450 and c. 1800. Analysis of long-term characteristics of the period, like social structure, religion, politics and economics, will be combined with exploration of the lives of individuals and their experiences in this era.

HIST 270

Modern East Asia

Introductory survey of recent histories of China, Japan and Korea, focusing on the major watersheds in these countries' modern experiences. The role of indigenous culture and forces of change as well as foreign influences will be considered.

HIST 271

History of Christianity

This course examines the history of the great diversity of beliefs, practices, ways of life, and forms of authority among Christians, and especially conflicts about these.  Not narrowly theological, the course construes Christianity broadly, treating, for example, society, culture, and art.

HIST 280

Sports and Ethnic America, 1900-Present
Social history course that examines racial, ethnic and gender history in the U.S. through the lens of sport from the turn of the twentieth century through the present. May include themes such as: Native American boarding schools, Japanese American internment and World War II; racial segregation and integration; Cold War nationalism and steroids; immigration and Americanization; 1960s political activism; sexuality and sport; Title IX and sexism; "melting pot" themes; Native American mascot controversies; mixed-race athletes and identity.
HIST 296 Special Topics in History This course offers an in-depth exploration of a period or theme, chosen by the individual instructor. The specific period or theme will likely vary by semester. Students will be expected to read and analyze primary sources dedicated to the specific period or theme.

HIST 301

Introduction to the Study of History

The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the nature and practice of writing history and to teach critical reading, writing, research and analytical skills necessary for history majors.
HIST 302U UA Stories: Creating a Digital Past This course will focus on the University of Arizona (UA) since its organization as a land-grant institution in 1885. Students will be introduced to archival materials such as vintage photographs, student newspapers, scrapbooks, yearbooks, maps, plans, oral histories, government papers, minutes and publications of campus organizations, as well as methodological frameworks for the assessment and analysis of these materials. Students will collaborate on specific projects, focusing on aspects of such topics as student life, campus during wartime, town and gown, outreach, museums, research, campus architecture, UA as a public/state institution, making use of both textual and visual source material to explore a particular question about the past. Students will create a final narrative that is digital in format, such as a website, a documentary, an app, or a podcast. At the end of the semester, students will present these stories as part of a symposium, with an audience invited from the larger community. Projects will be archived under the curatorial auspices of the Department of History.

HIST 308

The African Slave Trades

This course examines the history of the African slave trade. The trans-Atlantic slave trade was the world's largest forced migration between continents, but it was only one of many slave trades that shaped societies throughout the world. In order to understand the historical significance of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, we will compare it to other slaveries. In examining the historical significance and legacies of the slave trade, we will link the histories of Africa to that of the New World and to Europe. There continue to be heated debates about the volume and impact of the slave trade on African and New World societies. We will explore these debates. The course will also examine the changing meaning of the term "slavery" and examine some modern forms of slavery that persist to this day.

HIST 310

The Black Death

A lecture course focusing on Europe in the age of bubonic plague (from 1348 to 1720), with emphasis on changes in climate, food supplies, public health, epidemic disease, demography, and economy. The last third of the course will be devoted to the religious and artistic responses to disaster.

HIST 311

History of Epidemics

In the 14th century, an infectious disease that came to be known as the Black Death emerged in Asia and spread along trade routes to Europe, killing an estimated 60% of the population in about a year. Using the Black Death as a starting point, this course will examine the history of epidemics across the globe from 1350 to the present day using five case studies: Black Death (14th century); Smallpox (1775-82); Cholera (mid 19th century); Spanish Influenza (1918); and HIV/AIDS (1980s to the present).  We will spend a significant amount of the course analyzing primary sources from those who witnessed epidemics, treated the sick, and lived and died during various epidemic outbreaks and attempted to understand them from a range of personal, literary, film, medical, media, museum, and public health perspectives.

HIST 312

Economy and Society in Historical Discourse

Compares historical narratives about economic theories in their contexts.


Europe 1870-1945: War, Peace & Social Change

European powers' competition for empire intensified in the late nineteenth century, producing twentieth century wars that spread from Europe to span the globe, shaped by and reshaping domestic politics, international relations, gender expectations and social and cultural forms.


Europe Since 1945

In this course we will consider the choices Europeans faced and the paths they took after the second World War, including the loss of empire and the stresses of the Cold War, the construction of welfare states and the European Union, and the rise and fall of Eastern European socialisms and their aftermath.

HIST 315

United States Military History

Survey of American wars from colonial times to the present; military institutions, doctrine, application of the principles of war, campaign strategies and tactics, technology, and leadership.

HIST 317

History of Modern Ireland

Survey of Irish history from the Union in 1800 to the present; the course will emphasize the political, cultural, and religious bases of Irish history.


History of Early Modern Ireland
This course is a survey of the history of early modern Ireland, starting in the 15th century and ending with the Union between England and Ireland in 1801.  Students will develop an understanding of the problems and divisions that beset Ireland in this period and that have shaped its future until this day.  The particular problems of political interaction, colonization, and the state formation as well as the contentious nature of religious developments in early modern Ireland will be addressed.

HIST 319

History of Early Modern Germany
The political, social, economic and cultural history of Germany from the late Middle Ages to about 1800.

HIST 320

Reformations and Revolutions in Early Modern Britain, 1485-1714

This course aims at a broad analysis of the enthralling history and legacies of the Tudor and Stuart dynasties that ruled England from 1458 to 1714. The objective is to understand how in a quarter century the radical political and religious events, and figures, transformed the social, political and religious structures of England, giving birth to the foundation of England as a united kingdom, and significant world power. The course begins by focusing on the Tudors with emphasis on Henry VIII and the English Reformation, the return to Catholicism under Mary Tudor, the creation of a new Anglican Church under Elizabeth I and its unforeseen consequences. From there, it explores the Stuarts, with attention to the catastrophic English Revolution culminating in the public execution of King Charles I in 1649, and the rise of the English republic that ended with the restoration of monarchy in 1660. The course then reflects on the transformation of the English state following the elite coup d'etat of 1688, the Glorious Revolution, a fundamental watershed that cleared the way for a constitutional monarchy, parliamentary sovereignty, and religious toleration in England.


Britain 1700-1914: Industry & Empire
Industrialization has been one of the most significant processes of the past millennium, and its effects remain controversial today. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the mid-1700s and eventually spread to encompass the globe. In this course we will examine the unique preconditions, the unprecedented rise and decline, and the lasting effects of the first industrial revolution and the first industrial society, modern Britain. We will explore the characteristics distinguishing "modern" industrial societies; how economic upheaval produced struggles over political power among different social groups; and how understandings of government's responsibilities and the state's role in economic systems changed over time. We will also address how family and gender both constrained historical change and and were altered by it, and consider relations between the state and individuals, as well as Britain's changing relations with the continent of Europe, its empire, and the wider world.


Britain 1914 - Present: Great War to Cool Britannia Britain in 1914 was the wealthiest society in the world, with the largest empire the world has ever known.  Yet this society was riven by class inequality and social and gender upheaval at home, while facing threats from overseas rivals and anticolonial agitation. In this course, we will explore how global war and economic upheaval produced cultural crisis and change; struggles over power and resources among different social groups; and changing understandings of government's responsibility for human welfare. We will also address impacts on the family and gender, as well as Britain's changing relations with the continent of Europe, its empire, and the wider world.

HIST 324

History of Puerto Rico

This course examines the history of the oldest colonial territory of the United States. We will study Puerto Rico as an example of U.S. foreign policy toward Latin America and as an island with a long history of confrontation with foreign occupiers.

HIST 325

History of France: Development of the Modern French State, 1815-Present

Political, socio-economic, and cultural history of modern France from 1815 to the present day, with emphasis placed on French politics and self-identity.

HIST 328 Cuisine, Culture, and Power Physically, culturally, and socially, humans live through food and drink. Spanning the globe, as nearly limitless omnivores, humans have developed myriad ways of collecting and cultivating food and taking advantage of local environments. We also put food to work socially by creating cuisine. Through cuisine, humans have forged and nourished relationships, communed with deities, and through luxury choices, demonstrated "taste" and laid claim to status. Through the cultural practices of production and consumption of food and drink, individuals and groups have wielded power locally and globally. Food and drink consumption patterns have sustained slavery, poverty, malnutrition, and migration, and have laid waste to the environment.  In this global history of food and cuisine, we will explore the physical, cultural, social, political, and economic dimensions of consumption and production and become more aware of how private, intimate acts connect us to the rest of humanity.

HIST 332

Vietnam and the Cold War

Causes and effects of America's longest war in light of global U.S.-Soviet rivalry and Asian nationalism.

HIST 335 Western America: Law and Order, 1785-1915
History of law and order in western North America in the context of the political, economic, environmental, social, and cultural history during the long nineteenth century, from the Land Ordinance of 1785 to the war between capital and labor.

HIST 343

History of Mexican American

Survey from the 16th century to the present, with emphasis on social, political and economic trends in their historical context.

HIST 344 The Bill of Rights
This course explores the origins and history of the U.S. Bill of Rights.  Our focus shall be the rights and liberties protected by the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution, as well as those extended to the states by the Fourteenth Amendment.  These rights and liberties include personal rights, such as the freedom of religion or the right to bear arms, as well as property rights, such as the freedom from uncompensated state takings.  They range from the civil, as for example the freedom of speech, to the criminal, as for instance the indigent defendant¿s right to appointed counsel. They apply to groups, such as racial or sexual-orientation minorities, and to individuals, such as the automobile operator or the death-row inmate. They touch upon matters very public, as in the case of libel or flag burning, and upon matters most private, as in the case of abortion or assisted suicide. During the course of the semester, we will trace the evolution of these rights and liberties through American history and Supreme Court jurisprudence.

HIST 345

New American West

The major social, political and economic changes in the 20th century American West; the commonalities and conflicts within the region.

HIST 347

The Old South

Social, economic, cultural and political history from Jamestown to Secession.

HIST 348

South Since Civil War

From the Civil War to the present.

HIST 349

History of Crime in America, 1607-present

A history of crime in America from early Virginia through the present, with emphasis on violent crime, regional differences in crime, chronological changes and causes of the same.

HIST 351

Race and Class in Latin America

The impact of commercial expansion, urbanization, industrialization, and ideological change on race and class relations in Latin America from the 16th to early 20th century.

HIST 352

Slavery in Latin America

A broadly comparative introduction to slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. Exploration of slavery, the use of slave labor, and the daily lives of slaves and slave owners in different settings and different cultures.

HIST 353

World History for Future Educators
This one-semester, 3-unit World History survey introduces History and Education majors to concepts, topics, and methods for teaching World and Comparative history at the appropriate level for K-12 students.  The class covers the entire span of human history, from pre-history and antiquity to the medieval and early modern periods to the industrial revolution and the contemporary world.  Topics include: the origins of complex human social and political organization; the history of transcontinental and transoceanic migrations; the development of agriculture and early city-states; regional histories and global economies; religion and the rise of early empires; modern state formation; and the cultural impact of technological innovation.

HIST 354

U.S. History for Future Educators
This one-semester, 3-unit, U.S. History survey is designed for history and education majors who anticipate teaching U.S. history in elementary, middle and/or high schools. The course units are aligned with the Arizona Social Studies State Standards, and the U.S. history content is linked to relevant Arizona and Southwestern history.

HIST 355

U. S. Environmental History

Examines the history of changing relations between human society and the natural world in North America.

HIST 356

Global Environmental History

This course will examine the ways in which different societies have defined, understood, valued, mapped, and made their livings in their environment. Also, will explore how societies and environments mutually transform one another.

HIST 358

Natural History of Disasters This one-semester, 3-unit undergraduate course examines the history of natural disasters. Earthquakes, storms, floods, fires, and droughts have all disrupted and transformed lives, environments, and societies. What defines a "natural" disaster? How have individuals, groups and nations understood and responded to these events? How have ideas about natural disasters changed over time? What are human responsibilities for natural disasters?

HIST 361

The U.S.-Mexico Border Region

Evolution of the borderlands since the mid-19th century, with emphasis on bi-national interaction and interdependence.

HIST 368

Colonial Mexico

From discovery through the War for Independence.

HIST 369

Mexico Since Independence

Struggle for political, economic and social stability; international relations, cultural patterns.

HIST 371A History of Muslim Societies

Rise of Islam, creation of Islamic society, relationship of religion and politics.


History of Muslim Societies, 1500-Present Evolution and global spread of Muslim societies, modernization and its problems.

HIST 373

Politics of Health and Medicine in the Americas: From Historical Roots to Contemporary Developments

In this course we will examine the history of health - and health care - as well as the political dimensions of scientific research and medicine.  Based on the understanding that health and health care are subject to political competitions on the nation state level and are mediated by changing global paradigms, we will use readings and class discussions to draw conclusions about citizenship rights in the Americas.  We will start with a number of broad questions to make specific links: When did the responsibilities for citizens' health shift from being rooted in notions of charity to a sense of citizens' entitlement to state services?  When, and under what circumstances, can people put pressure on their political leaders and make states accept increased responsibility for citizens' health? How can we best understand the links between global paradigm shifts and nation-state policy changes that protect public health as citizens' entitlement and a human right? And what are the historical reproductions of inequality that we find as we trace health policies in specific regions or nations?

HIST 374

The Holocaust

Socio-economic and intellectual roots of modern anti-Semitism, evolution of Nazi policy, genocide, responses of Axis and Allied governments, and responses of the Jews.

HIST 375

HIstories of Memories
This course will examine modern histories of memories in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries through the institutions and technologies that facilitate recall, such as museums, photography and film, print media and visual culture.  We will focus on the moments of tension where history and memory appear to be at odds, where competing interests in the meanings of the past have created social conflict.  Topics may include the aftermath of collective traumas (such as Sept. 11, 2001), genocide or war; the role of photographs, television and film in creating visually based memories of others¿ historical experiences; how institutions such as schools and museums, as well as memorial sites, contribute to the social construction of historical memories; or the course may focus on a single historical moment of memory crisis.

HIST 376

Communist China: History and Narrative
This course looks at history of post-1949 China from two different perspectives.  Students will read "proper" historical texts: political and intellectual essays, government documents, social reports, and scholarly historical monographs.  These will be juxtaposed to different forms of narrative construction: movies, novels, and autobiographical accounts.  With this integrated approach, the course examines the history of the People's Republic of China but also the continuous interplay between historiography and politics, history and memory, popular culture and learning.

HIST 383

Religion and State in Islam

Examines the changing relationship between Islam and politics from the time of the Prophet to the present day.

HIST 388

Slavery in World History
The course will examine a range of instances of slavery, including in ancient and medieval Europe, in medieval and modern South Asia, in Africa, the Caribbean world, and in North and South America.  The emphasis will be on historicizing individual instances of the phenomenon, that is, understanding why particular forms of the institution appeared in certain contexts, and other forms in other contexts.


Topics in African History
Africa is an enormous continent. The course explores different themes and issues in African history both temporally and thematically. Lectures will introduce key themes and ideas and in-class discussions will expand on historical evidence for African communities, cultures and ideas. This course is suitable for anyone interested in Africa, particularly those who have taken HIS208: History of Africa.


Colony to Nation to the 21st Century: Politics and Culture in Chilean History

In this course the history of Chilean nation-building from the early colonial roots to the 21st Century will be analyzed. Focus is on political, social, and cultural histories of the country, giving attention to the unique characteristics of Chilean national developments. At the same time, connecting its historical idiosyncrasies to larger regional characteristcs and to the trajectory that shaped Latin American developments from colonial encounters, to independence, to contemporary challenges.

HIST 401

Revolutions of the Mind: Nineteenth-Century Ideas and Their Contemporary Legacy

This course will examine the writings of the major public intellectuals/ critical thinkers of the nineteenth century and their continued influence in our contemporary world.  We will read the work of intellectual figures as diverse as Marx, Mill, Spencer, Thoreau, Darwin, Renan, Zola, Freud, Hirschfeld, and others considering the influence of their ideas in their own time and their implications for our own epistemologies and cosmologies in the present.

HIST 402

Imperial Cities
This seminar will examine the politics of citizenship and urban space in imperial cities including London, Accra, Paris, and Marseille. Drawing from a broad range of primary and secondary sources, we will explore material and popular culture in everyday life and the ways in which ordinary people made sense of empire and the world in the 19th and 20th centuries.


History of Greece: Democracy, War, and Empire in the 5th Century BCE

Beginning with Herodotus's history of the Persian Wars and concluding with Thucydides's account of the Peloponnesian War, you will read and discuss various types of ancient sources in order to write your own history of the growth of democracy, the spread of empire, and the persistence of war in Classical Greece.


History of the Hellenistic World

By reading and discussing many different ancient texts, including philosophy, Jewish histories and literature, and, especially, papyri from Egypt, you will explore the social and cultural history of the eastern Mediterranean from Alexander the Great until the Roman conquest.


Social & Cultural History of Classical Greece

In this class, you will investigate a variety of topics related to people's lives in Classical Greece:  democracy, economics, family life, gender, slavery, science, religion, and friendship. You will read and discuss ancient texts from the 4th century BCE - histories, court speeches, how-to manuals, and philosophy - in order to figure out for yourself what happened and how people lived.


History of Rome: The Republic to the Death of Ceasar

The Republic to the death of Caesar.


History of Rome: The Empire through the Reign of Constantine the Great

The Empire through the reign of Constantine the Great.


Cleopatra: Power, Passion, Propaganda

This course focuses on Cleopatra VII (69-30 BCE), the last ruler of Ptolemaic Egypt, who was a key powerbroker during a period of important political change, one with enduring repercussions for the western world. She has been, however, deliberately memorialized as a “romantic” agent, a deployer of “feminine wiles”, whose gender and political toolbox rightly doomed her efforts to failure. Students will interrogate the process of transforming a historical individual into an object lesson, a trope of femininity, and a cinematic legend, unpacking the messages crafted for a range of audiences and purposes by multiple creators, including Cleopatra herself.  


Medieval Europe

Major institiutions and trends in Europe from the breakup of the Roman World to the 14th century.


Medieval Europe

Major institutions and trends in Europe from the breakup of the Roman World to the 14th century.

HIST 407

Perpetual Revolutions: A History of the Bicycle
The modern bicycle has been present in human lives for less than a century and a half.  Yet in that brief period of time it has spread throughout the world and its popularity is near-universal. In this course we will trace the evolution of bicycle in four distinct ways: as a transportation device, with a gendered component; as a site for the development of human technology; as commodity for economic development; and as a device for human pleasure, leisure time, and exercise.  We will explore its invention, growth, and development from the nineteenth through the twenty-first centuries in societies around the world.  We will survey important developments in the history of the bicycle from approximately 1850 to the present.

HIST 408

The Renaissance

Europe between the 14th and 16th centuries with special emphasis on Italy as the seat of the Renaissance. Topics include the city states, humanism, the Church in an age of Schism and secularization, Renaissance art, the New Monarchies and European exploration and imperialism.

HIST 409

The Reformation

The Reformation in thought and action both from the perspective of its religious origins and of the political and social conditions. Analysis of its impact on 16th century Europe including the spread of Protestant reformation and its comparnion movement, counter-reformation.

HIST 411

Human Sexuality in World History
In this course we will trace the evolution of sexualities in historical context and the way human societies around the World construct their notions of sexualities over time.  We will survey important developments in the history of sexuality from approximately 5000 B.C.E. to the present.  We will concentrate on human beings' changing perceptions of the meaning of sexualities and how they relate to the dynamics of the political, cultural, and social movements that dominated World history throughout this period.  In the modern period, people have attached meanings to sexualities that reflect deep social divisions between states and societies about the assignment of sexual and gender norms, regulation, criminalization, and sexual politics.  We will try to ascertain the historical development of these contested meanings.


European Enlightenments

Topics include philosophy, science, Enlightenment, Romanticism, Realism, political economy.


The Role of the Intellectual in 20th-Century Europe

Examines how twentieth-century writers debated the role of the intellectual: whether to be politically committed in order to advocate positive change, or to remain "above the fray" and strive for objectivity?  Considers how historical context (war and genocide, social transformations) shaped the role of the intellectual in European societies.  Readings may include Woolf, Sartre, De Beauvoir, Arendt, Havel, Said.

HIST 415

The Cultural History of Modern Germany

What is "cultural history"? This course introduces themes in German history which emphasize the production of culture within pre-and post-national states.  We will focus on forms of identity which are shaped by dynamic processes involving institutions, individuals, and groups within German society from the eighteenth century to the present.  In particular, we will pay attention to how collective identities are formed around religion, nationalism, political ideologies, the experience of war, and intellectual movements such as Romanticism. Students are not required to have a prior knowledge of the German language or German history but are expected to have some familiarity with the outlines of modern European history.


Rise and Fall of European Empires

The rise and fall of European empires from the fall of Rome to the present, a process involving Europeans with the non- European world and its people, continues to shape global events.

HIST 419

The French Enlightenment

Cultural history of France in the 18th century, with emphasis on the works of the philosophers.

HIST 420

The French Revolution and Napoleon

The origins and progress of the Revolution in France.

HIST 422

History of Russia to 1917

Political, socio-economic and cultural history of Russia and its expansion into an empire from the 10th century to 1917.

HIST 425

History of the Soviet Union

The Bolshevik Revolution and problems of Soviet and Russian history from 1917 to the present.

HIST 427

Work, Culture and Power

History of work, cross-culturally and over time, including slavery, agricultural, artisanal, and industrial work, unions and workers' political movements, and labor market segmentation by gender and race, sweatshops and migration.

HIST 428

Food, Health, and Environment in History
Does food have a history? While seemingly a mundane aspect of everyday life, food has been central to cultural meaning, political conflict, religious life, and economic and social systems. Food has also been closely connected, both materially and in the realm of ideas, to bodily health and the natural environment, which will be the key themes of this course. Topics may include: the creation of the modern food system, the relationship between food production and landscape change, the shift from local to long-distance food procurement, the transformation of diet, the industrialization of agriculture, farm labor, the history of nutritional science and expert advice about what kinds of foods to eat, the development of global commodity chains, the environmental consequences of changes in the food system, the origins of public policy initiatives such as the school lunch and farm programs, and the rise of movements to challenge the conventional food system, such as vegetarianism, organic agriculture, and the local food movement. We will focus on historical experiences in their global and comparative context. Through this course, we will explore how a historical perspective can be insightful in understanding the food system.

HIST 431

Colonial North America

The experience and evolving institutions of the North Atlantic colonists from the first landings to the end of the French and Indian War.

HIST 432

Era of the American Revolution

Origins, progress, and character of the struggle against Great Britain; internal political, constitutional, social, and economic developments; the problems of the 'Critical Period' and the making of the Constitution.

HIST 433

The Early Republic: From Constitution to Civil War

Social, cultural, political, and economic history of the United States from ratification of the Constitution to the eve of the Civil War.

HIST 436

Civil War and Reconstruction, U.S. 1861-1878

Political, constitutional, economic and military developments in the U.S. and the Confederacy during and after the Civil War.

HIST 437

U.S. 1876-1919: The Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Examination of economic, social and political developments in years of rapid industrialization from the end of Reconstruction through World War I.

HIST 438

U.S. 1918-1945: From World War I through World War II

Prosperity, Depression and the New Deal in peace and war.

HIST 440

United States: 1945 to Present

American society and the role of the United States in world affairs from the Yalta Conference to the present.

HIST 442

Natural Resources and the Law in the Spanish Borderlands of North America

This course examines the intersection of law and natural resources in the Spanish Borderlands of North America. We will study how the Spanish empire (and later an independent Mexico) defined natural resources as property rights and allocated such resources to Spanish settlers and Native peoples who lived in the dry expanse of the far northern frontier of New Spain (present day Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and California). Assigned readings and class discussion will emphasize the myriad ways in which the Spanish civil law of property distributed land, water, grazing rights, and minerals, including the economic activities associated with these natural resources: farming, ranching, and mining. Conceptually speaking, the course also includes the transition to U.S. sovereignty and the introduction of American common law in places such as Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and California. A clash of legal systems followed, as American common law often approached natural resources and property rights differently than Hispanic civil law. In order to better understand this clash, students will compare and contrast the fundamentals of the common and civil law systems, as well as the two international treaties that obliged the United States to apply the law of the prior sovereign to its recently acquired territory (the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848 and the Gadsden Purchase of 1854).

HIST 443

Environmental History of the Middle East

How have humans interacted with the varied environments of the Middle East:  deserts, oceans, mountain slopes, river valleys, grasslands, farmlands, cities, ports?  How can we study those interactions, with what sources and methods?  How have they been affected by changes in climate or technology?  What is the impact of the many conquests and colonialisms that have swept over the region up to the present day?  How do Middle Easterners view their own environment, how do they understand nature?  What are they doing now to preserve their environments from destruction?

HIST 445

Women in Islamic History

Examination of the roles women have played throughout Islamic history and of the changing discourse in the Islamic community about women and their roles.

HIST 446

History of Arizona and the Southwest

Economic, social and political development of the state and region from Spanish times to present.

HIST 448

Latin Image in American Film

This course examines the manner in which Hispanics have been portrayed and depicted in American films from the beginning of the 20th century to the present. The context in which the films were produced and the forces that have shaped their production will be covered.

HIST 449

History of American Foreign Relations to 1914

Examines the rise of America from a struggling colony to a world class power, including its relations with Europe, Latin American and Asia.

HIST 450

History of American Foreign Relations since 1914

Examines the pivotal role played by the United States in world affairs since WWI, focusing on America's struggle with revolutionary movements in Europe, Asia and Latin America.

HIST 451

The United States and East Asia: 1840 to the Present

An examination of American interaction with Japan and China since the Opium Wars, with special attention given to economic, cultural, and military relations and conflicts.

HIST 452

American Ethnic History

A history of the various ethnic minorities in America from Colonial times to the present, with emphasis on adjustment, acculturation and degrees of assimilation.

HIST 453

Women and Work

History of women and work in western and non-western nations from prehistoric times to the present.

HIST 455

Hist of Women in Europe

History of women in Europe covering topics such as women's work in family based economic systems and in religious, political and cultural life, and the impact of larger historical changes.


Paradise Lost: History of Anarchism in Europe

This course examines anarchism's birth, growth, and development in various parts of Europe during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.


Manhood and Masculinity in the United States

This course explores the social construction of the male gender across American history, from European colonization to the present.  We examine shifting norms and ideals of manhood and masculinity in the home, in the workplace, in social settings, and in politics.

HIST 458

Topics in Comparative Women's History
International history of a topic of the instructor's choice.

HIST 460

Environmental History of East Asia
This course explores the mutual impact of culture and nature - how the natural environment has shaped culture, and how humans have impacted the natural environment (and to take this full circle, how human-induced changes in the natural environment subsequently impact societies).  The relatively rapid and thoroughgoing transformations in East Asia over the past century allow us an ideal setting to explore the interaction between culture and nature.  Focusing largely on China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, this course explores how the relatively new field of environmental history opens new dimensions of historical inquiry.

HIST 461

The Spanish Conquest

The impact of conquest and Spanish rule on the native peoples of Mexico, Central American, Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Topics include: conquest and ecology; land and labor; religion and culture; adaptation and resistance.

HIST 464

History of Argentina

Survey of Argentine history and culture from the colonial era to the present.


History of Spain: Early Modern Spain, 1100 to 1700
This course examines the Iberian Peninsula during the Renaissance and Reformation. The rise of Spain as a Mediterranean, then an Atlantic political and economic power, primarily under the Trastamaras and Habsburgs, will be studied along with the social and cultural factors that contributed to Spain's rise as a World Empire.


History of Spain: Imperial Spain, 1700 to 1898

This course surveys the growth and development of the Spanish Empire, with particular attention to Latin America, under the guidance of the new Spanish dynastic house, the Bourbons. It will focus on reorganization of Spain's political affairs in the old world and the new world. In addition, Spain's socio-economic and cultural development will be discussed.


History of Spain: Contemporary Spain, 1868 to the Present
The central theme of this course is the conversion of Spain from a far-flung world empire to a modern European nation-state. It will explore the many political, socio-economic, and cultural changes that have transformed Spain from a nation in decline to one of the leading nations in the European Community.


History of Spain: Modern Spanish Cultural Studies

This course will focus on the various elements of Spanish culture that contribute to its cultural distinction. It will examine Spain's cultural life from various spiritual, literary, athletic, and culinary perspectives and the history of their development. As such, its central focus will change each time it is offered.


History of Central America

A survey of the history of Central America from the Spanish conquest to the present, focusing of regional economies, ethnic and class conflict, and the politics of state formation.

HIST 467

Twentiety-Century Latin America

Revolution, social change and reaction in Latin America from 1930 to the present.

HIST 469

Gender and Sexuality in Latin American History

This course explores selected themes in Latin American history through gender as a category of historical analysis.  Students will examine histories of men, women, gender and sexuality in different countries and regions of the Americas.

HIST 471

A History of Migrations in the Modern Middle East, North Africa, and the Mediterranean World

Population movements constitute the bedrock of humankind's history and have assumed a wide range of guises: epic wanderings, pilgrimage, pastoral nomadism, transhumance, voluntary relocation, forced expatriation, trade diaspora, travel, tourism, and labor movements of many kinds, notably slavery. In taxonomies of motion, the critical elements are the relative presence or absence of force, the motivations and objectives of those favoring departure over staying put, the duration and patterns of expatriation, and whether the place of exile became over time a space of belonging. To these considerations must be added variables, such as gender, age and generation, social class, family structure, religion, and race, that determined how individuals or groups perceived their subjective situation and embraced the idea of temporary or permanent expatriation, however alluring or frightening. Of course, until (and even after) nineteenth-century abolition in Europe and the Ottoman Empire, countless people crossed the sea against their own will.  These diverse manifestations of trans-Mediterranean mobilities were not necessarily distinct; yet no matter how or why they departed, the people in motion brought wide-ranging social changes to new lands or host societies as well as to those left behind.
This course grapples with a range of historical problems associated with 'people on the move'.  Employing the concepts of migration and mobility as theoretical perspectives, we examine the major forces at work in the region from about 1800 until the present: imperialisms, settler colonialism, capitalism and labor markets, shifting gender norms, changing legal regimes, education, changing ecologies, and debates about cultural/religious authenticity, in short, modernities. The framing narrative is provided by the problem-centered monograph, Mediterraneans: North Africa and Europe in an Age of Migration, c. 1800-1900, although supplementary readings culled mainly from periodical literature deal with more recent periods and, for comparative purposes, other geographical regions.

HIST 472

History of Medieval India

Survey of Indian history from 7th century to 1750.

HIST 473

History of Modern India and Pakistan: 1750-Present

Survey of political, social and economic developments in South Asia from the mid-18th century to the present. Writing emphasis for India-Pakistan specialization.

HIST 474 History of Human Rights, Citizenship, and Refugee Law
Daily we watch, seemingly helplessly, as people are displaced from their communities, homelands, and countries and subsequently seek asylum around the world, sometimes within our own local southwest communities; is this new, or is there a history to mobility and suffering? Key causes of displacement, such as war, violence, persecution, and modes of terror, and the ensuing consequences of violent displacement, such as poverty, disease, physical and psychological trauma, and vulnerability to human rights abuses, all have historical antecedents. In this course, we explore history of human rights, citizenship and refugee by exploring their relationship with nationalism, imperialism, war and displacement. We consider various local and global schemes to safeguard the dignity of human populations with domestic, regional, and international law, policy, and humanitarian action. A focus on the historical evolution of citizenship law and the nation state will provide clues as to the historical practices of displacement and resettlement.

HIST 476

Modern China

Survey of political, social, economic and cultural transformations undergone by China from ca. 1800 to the present. Provides students with a sense of both the major themes and the substance of the last two centuries of history of one of the world's major civilizations, as well as a better understanding of China's prominent position in the world today.


The Chinese City: Comparative Perspectives
This course asks how the city was understood and urban space was experienced in China from the late imperial period to the twentieth century, from the walled cities of Ming and Qing to the neoliberal remaking of Beijing and Shanghai, passing through the modernist experiments of the Communist and Republican periods. Examining some of the key social, cultural and political factors that shaped urban life, we will address such questions as: how did changes in media shape conceptions of urban space and one's place within it, what did the Chinese urban landscape look like, what were some of its key features, and how did political changes at the national level affect life and governance in the city? Our investigations will also lead us into the realm of cultural and intellectual history.  We will look at how such notions as cosmopolitanism, nation-mindedness, and scientific rationality developed in and around the city. In more general term, we will use the case of China to investigate how a history of "modern urban life" and urban space can be written, and what its significance might be. This course maintains a focus on the distinctive character of various Chinese cities while attempting to elucidate deeper commonalities and similarities that shape urban experience in China and elsewhere. Comparisons with other national experiences as well as theoretical reflections on issues of urbanism and urban life will then be integral part of the course.

HIST 477

Comparative History of World Revolutions

This course examines the historical context against the theoretical, cultural, political, social, and economic elements of sudden revolutionary upheaval. Revolutions from the French Revolution of 1789 to the Cuban Revolution of 1959 will be studied.


The Global Sixties
This course addresses the larger chronological and spatial framework around the year 1968.  We explore the evolution of political ideas from decolonization to urban renewal, from labor to civil rights.  We look at the formation of new categories, new political subjects like student organizations, gender and ethnic-based groups.  We follow the effects that the political upheaval of the 1960s had on intellectuals and on political theories.  Finally, we investigate the exhaustion and consumption of this global political event in memory and popular culture. The course also questions whether there is a global historical sense to "the sixties."  What links these events besides the fact that they are happening in the same decade?

HIST 479

Ottoman Empire to 1800

History of Ottoman Empire from its origins through the direct Western European impact, focusing on the political and social history of the empire in Europe and Asia.

HIST 483

Mapping the Past: The History of Cartography
This interdisciplinary one-semester, 3-unit, readings and discussions seminar is designed for upper division undergraduate students with interests in history, geography and cartography. It offers broadly-based coverage of major topics in the history of cartography, including the theoretical turn in the "new cartography," the cultural history of cartography, and the role of GIS. Using case studies from the Anglo-European world, we will examine the role of maps in exploration, colonization, and imperialism; cartographic representation of the New World from European and indigenous perspectives; Humboldtian traditions in the Americas; nation-state border projects; and various genres of mapping. Throughout we will examine maps as evidence, develop skills in spatial analysis and interpretation, and consider how maps can be used by historians and other scholars.

HIST 486

The Ancient World in Film
This course will explore the ways in which the ancient Mediterranean has been represented in film, from Ben-Hur (1925, 1959) to The Mummy (1932, 1999) to HBO¿s Rome (2005, 2007). The course will begin with a brief introduction to the visual language of film, how the framing and editing of shots and the movement of camera convey particular meanings about character motivation and emotional overtones of human interactions. Successive weeks will then focus on ancient events and narratives as depicted in individual filmed narratives, analyzing how choices made for plot and character development affect producers¿ selection and interpretation of ancient material. Some specific issues to be investigated include the role of the archaeologist in connecting to the ancient past, the meaning of graphic violence (realism? Social decay?), the presentation of Egypt as a font of mystic (and doomed!) power, the Roman past as a site of voyeuristic seduction and the presentation of Roman spectacle as an emblem of ruthless imperialism. Readings will include both ancient authors in translation and modern analyses of specific films.

HIST 490

Philosophy of History

Introduction to historical thinking from antiquity to the present, with emphasis on ideas in European and North American historical writings during the modern and contemporary eras.

HIST 493

A work-related learning experience involving hands-on work and training in a history-related establishment, such as a museum, archives, historical society.


Studies in Early Europe

The exchange of scholarly information and/or secondary research, usually in a small group setting. Instruction often includes lectures by several different persons. Research projects may/may not be required of course registrants.


Studies in Black America

The exchange of scholarly information and/or secondary research, usually in a small group setting. Instruction often includes lectures by several different persons. Research projects may/may not be required of course registrants.


Topics in Modern European History

The exchange of scholarly information and/or secondary research, usually in a small group setting. Instruction often includes lectures by several different persons. Research projects may/may not be required of course registrants.


Struggle and Survival: Modern Mid East and North Africa, c. 1850 - Present

The exchange of scholarly information and/or secondary research, usually in a small group setting. Instruction often includes lectures by several different persons. Research projects may/may not be required of course registrants.


Colloquium: Topics in US History

A colloquium or small lecture class; topics and time period will vary by instructor and may range from the colonial era to the present-day United States.


Topics in Latin American History
A colloquium or small lecture class intended for majors and upperclassmen; topics vary by instructor.


Colloquium on World History
A colloquium or small lecture class intended for majors and upperclassmen; topics vary by instructor.


The Literature of Identity in the Modern Middle East

The development and exchange of scholarly information, usually in a small group setting. The scope of work shall consist of research by course registrants, with the exchange of the results of such research through discussion, reports, and/or papers.


Nature and Practice of History
The culmination of the History Major, HIST 496H (the Honors History Major Senior Capstone equivalent to HST 498) allows Honors students to pursue in depth the research interests they have developed in other history classes. The department offers several sections of various topics each semester. Usually taken the junior year, this research seminar teaches students to organize, research, and write a substantial paper (at least 20 pages) or, occasionally, its equivalent in a different form. This project will constitute original research: it will base its argument substantially on a critical evaluation of primary sources (in the original languages when possible, or in translation). It will also actively and critically engage secondary scholarship. Although the research paper is the final product, students will work toward this through a series of structured, graded stages--for example, a research proposal, historiographic essay, rough draft(s), class presentation, and final draft--each of which may involve giving and receiving peer commentary.


Performance, Sport and Spectacle in the Ancient Mediterranean

The course is an enriched exploration of sports, spectacle and theatrical performances in ancient Greece and Rome, incorporating both traditional delivery of content (lectures and discussion based on reading) combined with the opportunity to engage creatively with the material in workshop format. The semester is structured around the ancient festival calendar, moving from private and local dramatic works to Panhellenic athletic competitions to the major performances at the festival of Dionysus in Athens and during the Games in Imperial Rome, culminating with amphitheatrical spectacle under the Emperors. The performative material selected grapples with universal human themes, specifically the formation of cultural identities against the volatile backdrop of war and the tension between the exercise of power and the demands of the populace. Students will investigate major performance events in their original social and political contexts and then adapt five such events for presentation in a modern setting. These re-enactments will range from an audio-only podcast adaptation of Aristophanes, to staged readings of tragedy and comedy, to a marathon public reading of Homer¿s Iliad, to a re-created Roman arena. Through this kind of active interaction, students will gain a better understanding of foundational texts of the western tradition, texts which were crafted to be heard and seen, as social events, as shared experiences, not in isolation as intellectual exercises.  The dynamic quality of hands-on work also allows insights to the body¿s role in communication, opening windows into subtler non-verbal features of these events, opening different perspectives on ancient content and allowing students to develop broader analytical techniques. By engaging with the historical past on a personal level, by re-experiencing key elements of past societies, students will  acquire powerful and lasting insights on Mediterranean antiquity and on the human experience.
HIST 498

Senior Capstone

The culmination of the History Major, HIST 498 allows students to pursue in depth the research interests they have developed in other history classes. The department offers several sections of various topics each semester. Usually taken in the last year in college, this research seminar teaches students to organize, research, and write a substantial paper (at least 20 pages) or, occasionally, its equivalent in a different form. This project will constitute original research: it will base its argument substantially on a critical evaluation of primary sources (in the original languages when possible, or in translation). It will also actively and critically engage secondary scholarship. Although the research paper is the final product, students will work toward this through a series of structured, graded stages--for example, a research proposal, historiographic essay, rough draft(s), class presentation, and final draft--each of which may involve giving and receiving peer commentary.


Honors Thesis
An honors thesis is required of all the students graduating with honors. Students ordinarily sign up for this course as a two-semester sequence. The first semester the student performs research under the supervision of a faculty member; the second semester the student writes an honors thesis.


College of Social and Behavioral Sciences

Contact Us

Department of History
César E. Chávez Bldg.
Main Office, Room 415 
1110 James E. Rogers Way
Tucson, AZ 85721

Tel: (520) 621-1586
Fax: (520) 621-2422