HIST 498 - Senior Capstone 102



Demonstrators in Washington, DC

Image found at Wikimedia Commons
This work is based on a work in the public domain. It has been digitally enhanced and/or modified. This derivative work has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its author, Jordon Kalilich. This applies worldwide.


  • Fully Online

  •  Regular Grades A, B, C, D, E

  •  3 Units

  • Fulfills Degree requirement




The culmination of the history major, History 498 allows students to pursue in depth the research interests and skills they have developed in other history classes. This research seminar for majors teaches students to organize, research, and write a substantial paper (20-25 pages). This project should base its argument substantially on a critical evaluation of primary sources. It should also actively engage secondary scholarship, contextualizing its argument in relation to important scholarship in the field, noting where scholars disagree. Ideally, the final seminar paper will add something new to these debates, including formulating a research question, reading and analysis of secondary sources for historical background and so that you can situate your research in the scholarly debates, your research proposal and annotated bibliography of primary and secondary sources, partial draft, full draft with peer review, and final revised version.

This section of History 498 will focus on the pivotal decade of the 1970s—an era of great transformation in the political economy of the U.S. and other industrialized countries, economic turmoil, acute challenges faced by working-class people, oil shocks and energy crisis, environmental problems, the continuation and end of the Vietnam War, and Watergate, but also an era of further organizing by social movements for equality and justice regardless of race, gender, and sexual orientation, and distinctive cultural developments in popular music, cinema, and television. Overall, at least in the political and economic spheres, the U.S. and many other industrialized countries shifted in a conservative direction during the 1970s, although not always uniformly. We will start off with readings about the United States in the 1970s in global context. However, you may work on any part of the world that you wish, including inside the United States, or in other places, or even the connections and relationships between them, as long as you are able to find and read appropriate primary source materials for addressing your research question. You may work on any aspect of history in the 1970s—politics, the economy, culture, society, religion, war, diplomacy, science, environment, technology, health, or anything else, as long as you can pose a great historical question and find the primary sources to address it. Chronologically, we will consider the “long 1970s” which includes from the late 1960s to the early 1980s, and students may, with the instructor’s permission, have the option of extending further forward or backward in time, as long as the 1970s is still a major part of your analysis and narrative. Regardless of what topic you choose, you will be expected to explain the larger historical significance for the 1970s as a whole.


​UAccess Enrollment:

Search for Classes

Academic Year: 


Course ID and Name: 

Course Area: 

Section Number: 

College of Social and Behavioral Sciences

Contact Us

Department of History
César E. Chávez Bldg.
Main Office, Room 415 
1110 James E. Rogers Way
Tucson, AZ 85721

Email: history@email.arizona.edu
Tel: (520) 621-1586
Fax: (520) 621-2422